Mark Koyama and Noel D. Johnson say that competition was important to Europe's story of religious liberalism, but it wasn't enough.
Mark Koyama and Noel D. Johnson discuss the long road to a commonsense idea.
Dalibor Rohac says that federalism is the strategy by which strong government can be turned to the defense of individual liberty.
Hans Eicholz argues that religious toleration emerged from a healthy competition among states and intrastate institutions.
James A. Robinson looks at how early modern states took advantage of religion to support their own authority.
Religious toleration is one of the building blocks of the modern world. How did it arise?
Religion was central to premodern states. So why isn't it central to the story of how modernity arose?