Mark Koyama and Noel D. Johnson look at competing state structures in early modern Europe.
European cities are often considered a key origin of liberalism. But it's more complicated than you might think.
James A. Robinson looks to the history of West Africa for examples of religious freedom without liberalism.
Hans Eicholz says that "state capacity" may not do as much work as we think.
Mark Koyama and Noel D. Johnson say that competition was important to Europe's story of religious liberalism, but it wasn't enough.
Mark Koyama and Noel D. Johnson discuss the long road to a commonsense idea.