Paddy Hillyard is a Professor of Sociology at Queen’s University, Belfast. His research focuses on social order and control in modern welfare states, with particular attention to violence, criminality, poverty, and inequality. He has done extensive work on political violence in Northern Ireland and Britain and the attendant growth of police power. His recent work includes research not only in Northern Ireland but also South Africa and Lebanon. Hillyard holds a B.S.S. and B.A. from Trinity College, Dublin and a Ph.D. from the University of Bristol.